BACKGROUND: ECG changes after revascularization predicts improved outcome for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Worst lead residual (WLR) ST deviation and resolution of worst lead ST elevation (rST elevation) are simple measures that can be obtained early after PCI. The objective of the current study was to investigate whether simple ECG measures, obtained one hour following PCI, could predict cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived myocardial salvage index (MSI), infarct size (IS), and microvascular obstruction (MVO) in patients with STEMI included in the MITOCARE trial.
METHODS: The MITOCARE trial included 165 patients with a first-time STEMI presenting within six hours of symptom onset. The current analysis included patients that had an ECG recorded at baseline and one hour after PCI and underwent CMR imaging after 3-5 days. Independent core laboratories determined WLR ST deviation, rST elevation, and the CMR variables (MSI, IS, and MVO).
RESULTS: 83 patients with a mean age of 61 years were included. 83.1% were males and 41% had anterior infarctions. In logistic regression models, WLR ST deviation was a statistically significant predictor of IS (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.3-3.8) and MVO (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.5-5.2), but not of MSI (OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.5-1.2). rST elevation showed a trend toward a significant association with IS (OR 0.3, 95% CI 0.1-1.0), but not with the other CMR variables.
CONCLUSION: WLR ST deviation one hour after PCI was a predictor of IS and MVO. WLR ST deviation, a measure easily obtained from ECGs following PCI, may provide important prognostic information in patients with STEMI.