Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with increased risk of firsttrimester miscarriage in the Odense Child Cohort1-2

Louise B. Andersen, Jan S. Jørgensen, Tina K. Jensen, Christine Dalgård, Torben Barington, Jan Nielsen, Signe S. Beck-Nielsen, Steffen Husby, Bo Abrahamsen, Ronald F. Lamont, Henrik T. Christesen*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


Background: Miscarriage is the most common negative outcome of pregnancy, and identification of modifiable risk factors is potentially of great importance for public health. Low vitamin D concentrations in pregnancy are widespread worldwide, and vitamin D deficiency is implicated in immune cell regulation at the feto-maternal interface and several diseases of pregnancy. Objective: We investigated whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D serum concentration was a modifiable risk factor for early miscarriage. Design: In a prospective cohort study of 1683 pregnant women donating serum before gestational week 22, we investigated the association between maternal serum concentrations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and the risk of subsequent miscarriage (n = 58). Results: The adjusted hazard of first-trimester miscarriage was lower with higher 25(OH)D concentrations (HR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.96, 0.99). Concentrations of 25(OH)D ,50 nmol/L were associated with a .2-fold increased adjusted HR for miscarriage (HR: 2.50; 95% CI: 1.10, 5.69). Concentrations of 25(OH)D were not associated with an increased risk of second-trimester miscarriage. Conclusions: We found an association between 25(OH)D and firsttrimester miscarriages, suggesting vitamin D as a modifiable risk factor for miscarriage. To test this hypothesis, randomized controlled trials should investigate the possible effect of vitamin D supplementation to increase 25(OH)D concentrations in early pregnancy, or before conception, to decrease risk of miscarriage.

Sider (fra-til)633-638
Antal sider6
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Udgave nummer3
StatusUdgivet - 1 sep. 2015


Udforsk hvilke forskningsemner 'Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with increased risk of firsttrimester miscarriage in the Odense Child Cohort1-2' indeholder.