OBJECTIVE - Levels of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF; CCN-2) in plasma are increased in various fibrotic disorders, including diabetic nephropathy. Recently, several articles have reported a strong increase of urinary CTGF excretion (U-CTGF) in patients with diabetic nephropathy. However, these studies addressed too small a number of patients to allow general conclusions to be drawn. Therefore, we evaluated U-CTGF in a large cross-sectional study of patients with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Subjects were 318 type 1 diabetic patients and 29 normoglycemic control subjects. U-CTGF was measured by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Groups were compared by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney analysis. The relation between U-CTGF and markers of diabetic nephropathy was determined by regression analysis. RESULTS - U-CTGF in patients with diabetic nephropathy (n = 89, median 155 pmol/24 h [interquartile range 96-258]) was significantly higher than in microalbuminuric (n = 79, 100 [65-78]) and normoalbuminuric (n = 150, 85 [48-127]) patients and control subjects (n = 29, 100 [78-114]). U-CTGF correlated with urinary albumin excretion (UAE) (R = 0.31) and glomerular filtration rate (R = -0.38) in patients with diabetic nephropathy. A standardized increase in U-CTGF was associated with diabetic nephropathy (odds ratio 2.3 [95% CI 1.7-3.1]), which was comparable with the odds ratios for diabetic nephropathy of increased HbA1c (2.0 [1.5-2.7]), and blood pressure (2.0 [1.5-2.6]). CONCLUSIONS - This is the first large cross-sectional study addressing U-CTGF in human type 1 diabetes. The observed association of U-CTGF with UAE and glomerular filtration rate might reflect a role of CTGF as progression promoter in diabetic nephropathy.
|Status||Udgivet - 1 jan. 2006|