Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has a documented clinical effect in many autoimmune diseases and has so far been tested in >10 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in women with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). The results of the RCTs have, however, been very divergent. In meta-analyses of all trials, no significant impact on live birth rate has been reported. In contrast, in sensitivity analyses, IVIg significantly increased live birth rates when initiated prior to conception and it had a borderline significant therapeutic effect in women with secondary RPL. Higher dosages of IVIg and serological signs of autoimmunity in the treated patients tended to increase the success rate after treatment. A follow-up study of patients from our recent RCT also supports a significant therapeutic effect in patients who had received IVIg before conception. The lessons learned from the published trials and meta-analyses should be incorporated in the design of future RCTs of IVIg in the treatment of RPL.
|Tidsskrift||Journal of Reproductive Immunology|
|Status||Udgivet - jun. 2019|