OBJECTIVE: To explore the possibilities of wearable multi-modal monitoring in epilepsy and to identify effective strategies for seizure-detection.
METHODS: Thirty patients with suspected epilepsy admitted to video electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring were equipped with a wearable multi-modal setup capable of continuous recording of electrocardiography (ECG), accelerometry (ACM) and behind-the-ear EEG. A support vector machine (SVM) algorithm was trained for cross-modal automated seizure detection. Visualizations of multi-modal time series data were used to generate ideas for seizure detection strategies.
RESULTS: Three patients had more than five seizures and were eligible for SVM classification. Classification of 47 focal tonic seizures in one patient found a sensitivity of 84% with a false alarm rate (FAR) of 8/24 h. In two patients each with nine focal nonmotor seizures it yielded a sensitivity of 100% and a FAR of 13/24 h and 5/24. Visual comparisons of features were used to identify strategies for seizure detection in future research.
CONCLUSIONS: Multi-modal monitoring in epilepsy using wearables is feasible and automatic seizure detection may benefit from multiple modalities when compared to uni-modal EEG.
SIGNIFICANCE: This study is unique in exploring a combination of wearable EEG, ECG and ACM and can help inform future research on monitoring of epilepsy.