Total Hip Arthroplasty Versus Education and Exercise: A Propensity-Matched Analysis of 266 Patients Who Have Hip Osteoarthritis

James J Young*, Michael G Zywiel, Søren T Skou, Vinod Chandran, J Rod Davey, Rajiv Gandhi, Nizar N Mahomed, Khalid Syed, Christian J H Veillette, Y Raja Rampersaud, Anthony V Perruccio

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis (OA) is a major health system cost. Education and exercise (Edu + Ex) programs may reduce the number of THAs needed, but supporting data are limited. This study aimed to estimate the treatment effect of THA versus Edu + Ex on pain, function, and quality of life outcomes 3 and 12 months after treatment initiation for hip OA.

METHODS: Patients who had hip OA who underwent THA or an Edu + Ex program were included in this propensity-matched study. In 778 patients (Edu + Ex, n = 303; THA, n = 475), propensity scores were based on pretreatment characteristics, and patients were matched on a 1:1 ratio. Between-group treatment effects (pain, function, and quality of life) were estimated as the mean difference (MD) in change from pretreatment to 3-month and 12-month follow-up using linear mixed models.

RESULTS: The matched sample consisted of 266 patients (Edu + Ex, n = 133; THA, n = 133) who were balanced on all pretreatment characteristics except opioid use. At 12-month follow-up, THA resulted in significantly greater improvements in pain (MD 35.4; 95% confidence interval [CI] 31.4 to 39.4), function (MD 30.5; 95% CI 26.3 to 34.7), and quality of life (MD 33.6; 95% CI 28.8 to 38.4). Between 17% and 30% of patients receiving Edu + Ex experienced a surgical threshold for clinically meaningful improvement in outcomes, compared to 84% and 90% of THA patients.

CONCLUSIONS: A THA provides greater improvements in pain, function, and quality of life. A notable proportion of Edu + Ex patients had clinically meaningful improvements, suggesting Edu + Ex may result in THA deferral in some patients, but confirmatory trials are needed.

TidsskriftJournal of Arthroplasty
StatusUdgivet, E-publikation før trykning - 30 apr. 2024

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