Time trends in per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) concentrations in the Danish population: A review based on published and newly analyzed data

Sidsel Dan Hull*, Laura Deen, Kajsa Ugelvig Petersen, Tina Kold Jensen, Paula Hammer, Regitze Sølling Wils, Hannah Nørtoft Frankel, Sisse Rye Ostrowski, Sandra Søgaard Tøttenborg

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review


INTRODUCTION: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are persistent chemicals used in many industries and everyday consumer products and exposure has been linked to several adverse health outcomes. Currently, no systematic monitoring of PFAS levels in the general Danish population has been conducted.

OBJECTIVE: To study temporal trends of PFAS concentrations in the Danish population.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In August 2023, we performed a search for original peer-reviewed reports in PubMed using combinations of search terms for PFAS and Denmark. Reports were included if they comprised a Danish study population and direct measurements of PFAS in serum or plasma samples. Scatter plots of medians presented in the reports were used to visualize time-trends of PFAS concentrations among Danish individuals.

RESULTS: We included 29 reports based on a total of 18,231 individuals from 19 Danish study populations. A total of 24 PFAS measured in serum or plasma were presented in the reports, the most frequent being PFOS, PFOA, PFDA, PFNA, PFHpA, PFHpS, and PFHxS. Median concentrations of PFOS ranged from 4.0 ng/mL to 44.5 ng/mL, PFOA ranged from 0.8 ng/mL to 9.7 ng/mL, while lower concentrations were presented for the other PFAS. Median concentrations of PFOS and PFOA increased from 1988 until the late 1990s followed by a decrease until 2021. A less clear time-trend were observed for the other PFAS.

CONCLUSION: Blood concentrations of PFOS and PFOA in the Danish population have declined substantially from the late 1990s until 2021 reflecting a phase-out of the production and regulation of the use of these PFAS. Time-trends for PFDA, PFNA, PFHpA, PFHpS, and PFHxS were less evident, yet a tendency toward a decline was observed. As only some of the compounds are measured, it is not possible to determine if the decrease in some PFAS is outweighed by an increase in others.

TidsskriftEnvironmental Research
Udgave nummerPt 2
Tidlig onlinedato31 aug. 2023
StatusUdgivet - 15 nov. 2023

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


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