The transmural extent and severity of myocardial hypoperfusion predicts long-term outcome in NSTEMI: An MDCT study

J. Tobias Kühl*, Jesper J. Linde, Lars Køber, Henning Kelbæk, Klaus F. Kofoed

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Objectives The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the extent and severity of left ventricular myocardial hypoperfusion at rest, in addition to signs of left ventricular myocardial scar, are related to adverse long-term outcome in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Background Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is a noninvasive test with a spatial resolution that allows for the assessment of transmural myocardial perfusion. In patients with suspected NSTEMI, the assessment of myocardial hypoperfusion could be clinically useful. Methods MDCT was performed at rest before invasive treatment in 396 patients with NSTEMI. The transmural involvement of left ventricular hypoperfusion, the presence of intramyocardial fat or calcification, a summed defect score adding the extent of left ventricular myocardial hypoperfusion (0 to 64 point scale), and the transmural attenuation ratio between the subendocardial and the subepicardial myocardium were assessed. The study endpoint was a combination of death and hospitalization due to heart failure. Results The median follow-up time of the study was 50 months, and the study endpoint was reached in 56 (15%) of the patients. In a Cox proportional hazards survival model with adjustments for known risk factors, both the summed defect score and transmural attenuation ratio were independently associated with adverse outcome (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.07; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02 to 1.11; p = 0.004 and HR: 0.61; 95% CI: 0.44 to 0.85; p = 0.003, respectively). The presence of intramyocardial fat or calcification was also associated with adverse outcome (HR: 3.5; 95% CI: 1.2 to 10.7; p = 0.03) when compared with patients without any perfusion defect. Conclusions The extent and severity of left ventricular myocardial hypoperfusion at rest and signs of left ventricular myocardial scar assessed with MDCT before invasive treatment is strongly linked to adverse long-term outcome in patients with NSTEMI.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)684-694
Antal sider11
TidsskriftJACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Vol/bind8
Udgave nummer6
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jun. 2015
Udgivet eksterntJa

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