Context: Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is a gastrointestinal hormone with intestinotrophic and antiapoptotic effects. The hormone's therapeutic potential in intestinal diseases and relation to intestinal neoplasia has raised great interest among researchers. This article reviews and discusses published experimental and clinical studies concerning the growth-stimulating and antiapoptotic effects of GLP-2 in relation to intestinal neoplasia. Evidence Acquisition: The data used in this narrative review were collected through literature research in PubMed using English keyword. All studies to date examining GLP-2's relation to intestinal neoplasms have been reviewed in this article, as the studies on the matter are sparse. Evidence Synthesis: GLP-2 has been found to stimulate intestinal growth through secondarymediators and through the involvement ofAkt phosphorylation. Studies on rodents have shown that exogenously administered GLP-2 increases the growth and incidence of adenomas in the colon, suggesting that GLP-2 may play an important role in the progression of intestinal tumors. Clinical studies have found that exogenous GLP-2 treatment is well tolerated for up to 30 months, but the tolerability for even longer periods of treatment has not been examined. Conclusion: Exogenous GLP-2 is currently available as teduglutide for the treatment of short bowel syndrome. However, the association between exogenous GLP-2 treatment and intestinal neoplasia in humans has not been fully identified. This leads to a cause for concern regarding the later risk of the development or progression of intestinal tumors with long-term GLP-2 treatment. Therefore, further research regarding GLP-2's potential relation to intestinal cancers is needed.