Background: Patients with colon cancer (CC) with low socioeconomic position (SEP) have a worse survival than patients with high SEP. We investigated the association between different socioeconomic indicators and the steps in the treatment trajectory leading to initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) for patients with stage III CC.Materials and Methods: A systematic review and meta-analyses were conducted in accordance with the MOOSE checklist. MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for eligible studies. Meta-analyses were performed on the separate socioeconomic indicators with the random-effects model. The heterogeneity across studies was assessed by the Q and the I2 statistic.Results: In total, 27 observational studies were included. SEP was measured by insurance, income, poverty, employment, education, or an index on an area or individual level. SEP, regardless of indicator, was negatively associated with the steps in the treatment trajectory leading to initiation of ACT among patients with resected stage III CC. The meta-analyses showed that patients with low SEP had a significantly lower odds of receiving ACT and increased odds of delayed treatment start, whereas SEP had no impact on the choice of therapy: combination or single-agent therapy.Conclusion: SEP was associated with less initiation of and higher risk for delayed initiation of ACT. Our findings suggest there is a social disparity in receipt of ACT in patients with stage III CC.