The impact of the Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonist Liraglutide on Natriuretic Peptides in Heart Failure Patients with Reduced Ejection Fraction with and without Type 2 Diabetes

Roni Nielsen, Anders Jorsal, Rasmus Stilling Tougaard, Jon Jarløv Rasmussen, Morten Schou, Lars Videbaek, Ida Gustafsson, Jens Faber, Allan Flyvbjerg, Henrik Wiggers, Lise Tarnow, Caroline Kistorp

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

AIM: To assess the effect of liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, on urinary sodium excretion as well as on circulating adrenomedullin and copeptin levels in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the LIVE study, patients (n = 241) with left ventricular ejection fraction ≤45% were randomized to liraglutide 1.8 mg daily or placebo for 24 weeks, and 30% had a concomitant diagnosis of T2D. Plasma levels of N-terminal brain-natriuretic-peptide (NT-proBNP) (a predefined secondary endpoint), midregional pro-atrial-natriuretic-peptide (MR-proANP), midregional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) and copeptin were measured at baseline and after 24 weeks in this substudy. The potential effect modification of T2D was assessed.

RESULTS: In the eligible subgroup of 231 patients with available biomarkers (115 randomized to liraglutide and 116 to placebo), MR-proANP decreased by 12% (P = .002) and NT-proBNP by 9% (P = .009) during liraglutide treatment compared with placebo at week 24. Interaction with T2D for the treatment effect of change in MR-proANP and NT-proBNP levels was P = .003 and P = .03, respectively. Consequently, in patients with T2D, liraglutide decreased MR-proANP by 27% (P < .001) and NT-proBNP by 25% (P = .02) compared with placebo, whereas no change was observed in patients without T2D. There was no effect of liraglutide on MR-proADM (P = .10) or copeptin (P = .52).

CONCLUSION: Liraglutide decreased the A- and B-type natriuretic peptides significantly in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and concomitant T2D, suggesting a beneficial mechanism of liraglutide in T2D patients with HFrEF.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)2141-2150
Antal sider10
TidsskriftDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Vol/bind22
Udgave nummer11
Tidlig onlinedato6 jul. 2020
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2020

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