The impact of liraglutide on diabetes-related foot ulceration and associated complications in patients with type 2 diabetes at high risk for cardiovascular events: Results from the LEADER trial

LEADER Publication Committee on behalf of the LEADER Trial Investigators, Ketan Dhatariya, Stephen C. Bain, John B. Buse, Richard Simpson, Lise Tarnow, Margit Staum Kaltoft, Michael Stellfeld, Karen Tornøe, Richard E. Pratley

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    Abstrakt

    OBJECTIVE: Diabetes-related foot ulcers (DFUs) and their sequelae result in large patient and societal burdens. Long-term data determining the efficacy of individual glucose-lowering agents on DFUs are lacking. Using existing data from the Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes: Evaluation of Cardiovascular Outcome Results (LEADER) trial, we conducted post hoc analyses assessing the impact of liraglutide versus placebo in people with type 2 diabetes and at high risk of cardiovascular (CV) events on the incidence of DFUs and their sequelae. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The LEADER trial (NCT01179048) was a randomized, double-blind, multicenter, CV outcomes trial assessing liraglutide (1.8 mg/day) versus placebo, in addition to standard of care, for up to 5 years. Information on DFUs was collected systematically during the trial, and DFU complications were assessed post hoc through reviewing case narratives. RESULTS: During a median of 3.8 years' follow-up, similar proportions of patients reported at least one episode of DFU in the liraglutide and placebo groups (3.8% [176/4,668] versus 4.1% [191/4,672], respectively; hazard ratio [HR] 0.92 [95% CI 0.75, 1.13; P = 0.41]). Analysis of DFU-related complications demonstrated a significant reduction in amputations with liraglutide versus placebo (HR 0.65 [95% CI 0.45, 0.95; P = 0.03]). However, no differences were found for foot infections, involvement of underlying structures, or peripheral revascularization in the main analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with liraglutide in patients with type 2 diabetes and at high risk of CV events in the LEADER trial did not increase the risk of DFU events and was associated with a significantly lower risk of DFU-related amputations compared with placebo. This association, possibly due to chance, needs further investigation.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)2229-2235
    Antal sider7
    TidsskriftDiabetes Care
    Vol/bind41
    Udgave nummer10
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 okt. 2018

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