The majority of chronic wounds are associated with bacterial biofilms recalcitrant to antibiotics and host responses. Immunomodulatory S100A8/A9 is suppressed in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm infected wounds. We aimed at investigating a possible additive effect between S100A8/A9 and ciprofloxacin against biofilms.
MATERIALS/METHODS: Thirty-two mice were injected with alginate-embedded P. aeruginosa following a third-degree burn. The mice were randomized into four groups receiving combination ciprofloxacin and S100A8/A9 or monotherapy ciprofloxacin, S100A8/A9 or a placebo and evaluated by host responses and quantitative bacteriology in wounds. In addition, in vitro checkerboard analysis was performed, with P. aeruginosa and ascending S100A8/A9 and ciprofloxacin concentrations.
RESULTS: S100A8/A9 augmented the effect of ciprofloxacin in vivo by lowering the bacterial quantity compared to the placebo arm and the two monointervention groups (P < 0.0001). S100A8 and 100A9 were increased in the double-treated group as compared to the monointervention groups (P = 0.032, P = 0.0023). Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 and keratinocyte\chemokine chemoattractant-1 were increased in the double-intervention group compared to the S100A8/A9 group (P = 0.050, P = 0.050). No in vitro synergism was detected.
CONCLUSION: The observed ciprofloxacin-augmenting effect of S100A8/A9 in vivo was not confirmed by checkerboard analysis, indicating dependence on host cells for the S100A8/A9 effect. S100A8/A9 and ciprofloxacin is a promising therapy for optimizing chronic wound treatment.