PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sports-related sudden cardiac death (Sr-SCD) is a leading natural cause of death in young athletes. To prevent Sr-SCD in athletes, it is important to identify individuals at risk. This review sought to summarize the current knowledge of symptoms prior to Sr-SCD in athletes aged 1-49 years.
RECENT FINDINGS: Cardiovascular screening of athletes is a subject of interest. However, the cost of ECG screening in a young population is relatively high compared to potential benefits, and systematic screening of athletes is heavily debated. In the background population, both cardiac and non-specific symptoms are often present prior to SCD. Both cardiac and non-specific symptoms are present in up to 74% prior to Sr-SCD. The main symptoms are syncope, chest pain, palpitations and dizziness. Knowledge of symptoms could potentially be used in combination with non-invasive prediction models to prevent Sr-SCD and treat athletes at risk.