Strength training in addition to neuromuscular exercise and education in individuals with knee osteoarthritis the effects on pain and sensitization

Paetur Mikal Holm, Kristian Kjaer Petersen, Mathias Wernbom, Henrik Morville Schrøder, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Søren T Skou

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence of the relative effects of different exercise modes on pain sensitization and pain intensity in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (KOA).

METHODS: Ninety individuals with radiographic and symptomatic KOA, ineligible for knee replacement surgery, were randomized to 12 weeks of twice-weekly strength training in addition to neuromuscular exercise and education (ST+NEMEX-EDU) or neuromuscular exercise and education alone (NEMEX-EDU). Outcomes were bilateral, lower-leg, cuff pressure pain- and tolerance thresholds (PPT, PTT), temporal summation (TS), conditioned pain modulation (CPM), self-reported knee pain intensity and number of painful body sites.

RESULTS: After 12 weeks of exercise, we found significant differences in increases in PPT (-5.01 kPa (-8.29 to -1.73, p = .0028)) and PTT (-8.02 kPa (-12.22 to -3.82, p = .0002)) in the KOA leg in favour of ST+NEMEX-EDU. We found no difference in effects between groups on TS, CPM or number of painful body sites. In contrast, there were significantly greater pain-relieving effects on VAS mean knee pain during the last week (-8.4 mm (-16.2 to -0.5, p = .0364) and during function (-16.0 mm (-24.8 to -7.3, p = .0004)) in favour of NEMEX-EDU after 12 weeks of exercise.

CONCLUSION: Additional strength training reduced pain sensitization compared to neuromuscular exercise and education alone, but also attenuated the reduction in pain intensity compared to neuromuscular exercise and education alone. The study provides the first dose- and type-specific insight into the effects of a sustained exercise period on pain sensitization in KOA. Future studies are needed to elucidate the role of different exercise modes.

SIGNIFICANCE: This study is an important step towards better understanding the effects of exercise in pain management of chronic musculoskeletal conditions. We found that strength training in addition to neuromuscular exercise and education compared with neuromuscular exercise and education only had a differential impact on pain sensitization and pain intensity, but also that regardless of the exercise mode, the positive effects on pain sensitization and pain intensity were comparable to the effects of other therapeutic interventions for individuals with knee osteoarthritis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)1898-1911
Antal sider14
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Pain
Vol/bind25
Udgave nummer9
Tidlig onlinedato15 maj 2021
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2021

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© 2021 European Pain Federation - EFIC®.

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