Standardized Surgical Primary Repair for Burst Abdomen Reduces the Risk of Fascial Redehiscence

Thomas K Jensen*, Ismail Gögenur, Mai-Britt Tolstrup

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a standardized surgical primary repair for burst abdomen could lower the rate of fascial redehiscence.

SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Burst abdomen after midline laparotomy is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The surgical treatment is poorly investigated but known for a poor outcome with high rates of re-evisceration (redehiscence).

METHODS: This study was a single-center, interventional study comparing rates of fascial redehiscence after surgery for burst abdomen in a study cohort (July 2014-April 2019) to a historical cohort (January 2009-December 2013). A standardized surgical strategy was introduced for burst abdomen: The abdominal wall was closed using a slowly absorbable running suture in a mass closure technique with "large bites" of 3 cm in "small steps" of 5 mm, in an approximate wound-suture ratio of 1:10. Demographics, comorbidities, preceding type of surgery, and surgical technique were registered. The primary outcome was fascial redehiscence. The secondary outcome was 30- and 90-day mortality.

RESULTS: The study included 186 patients with burst abdomen (92 patients in the historical cohort vs 94 patients in the study cohort). No difference in sex, performance status, comorbidity, or body mass index was found. In 77% of the historical cohort and 80% of the study cohort, burst abdomen occurred after emergency laparotomy (P = 0.664). The rate of redehiscence was reduced from 13% (12/92 patients) in the historical cohort to 4% (4/94 patients) in the study cohort (P = 0.033). There was no difference in 30- or 90-day mortality.

CONCLUSION: Standardized surgical primary repair for burst abdomen reduced the rate of fascial redehiscence.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)e1115-e1118
TidsskriftAnnals of Surgery
Vol/bind274
Udgave nummer6
Tidlig onlinedato20 mar. 2020
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2021

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