Soft-collar use in rehabilitation of whiplash-associated disorders - A systematic review and meta-analysis

Steffan Wittrup McPhee Christensen, Michael Bo Rasmussen, Christoffer Lund Jespersen, Michele Sterling, Søren Thorgaard Skou

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review


BACKGROUND: Active rehabilitation of Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD) is favoured over passive modalities such as soft-collars. However, the effectiveness of soft-collar use remains unclear.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of soft-collar use on pain and disability in WAD.

DESIGN: Systematic review.

METHOD: Databases (AMED, CINAHL Complete, Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, PEDro, PsycINFO, PubMed, SPORTDiscus) were searched for guidelines, reviews and RCTs on soft-collar use as part of WAD treatment. Reference lists of reviews and guidelines were screened for additional RCTs. Study quality was rated using the PEDro-scale and overall quality of evidence with GRADE.

RESULTS: Four RCTs (n = 409) of fair-good quality (PEDro-scores) were included with three using a soft collar in addition to other conservative treatment while one study compared soft-collar use to act-as-usual. All studies found that an active or act-as-usual approach was more effective in reducing pain intensity compared to soft-collar use, confirmed by meta-analysis (two RCTs with data: SMD of -0.80 (-1.20, -0.41)). No studies reported disability outcomes while contrasting results were found between groups regarding total cervical range of motion (two RCTs with data: SMD of 0.16 (-0.21, 0.54)) or rotation (two RCTs with data: SMD of 0.54 (-0.19, 1.27)). Overall quality of the evidence was low to very low.

CONCLUSION: All four RCTs favoured an active approach/act-as-usual over soft-collar treatment. However, due to methodological concerns and low certainty of evidence, future studies investigating soft collar use in combination with an active rehabilitation strategy for acute/subacute WAD are needed.

Sider (fra-til)102426
TidsskriftMusculoskeletal Science and Practice
Tidlig onlinedato7 jul. 2021
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2021

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