Simple and Robust Detection of CYP2D6 Gene Deletions and Duplications Using CYP2D8P as Reference

Jens Borggaard Larsen*, Steffen Jørgensen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Genotyping of the CYP2D6 gene is the most commonly applied pharmacogenetic test globally. Significant economic interests have led to the development of a plurality of assays, available for almost any genotyping platform or DNA detection chemistry. Of all the genetic variants, copy number variations are particular difficult to detect by polymerase chain reaction. Here, we present two simple novel approaches for the identification of samples carrying either deletions or duplications of the CYP2D6 gene; by relative quantification using a singleplex 5'nuclease real-time PCR assay, and by high-resolution melting of PCR products. These methods make use of universal primers, targeting both the CYP2D6 and the reference gene CYP2D8P, which is necessary for the analysis. The assays were validated against a reference method using a large set of samples. The singleplex nature of the 5'nuclease real-time PCR ensures that the primers anneal with equal affinity to both the sequence of the CYP2D6 and the reference gene. This facilitates robust identification of gene deletions and duplications based on the cycle threshold value. In contrast, the high-resolution melting assay is an end-point PCR, where the identification relies on variations between the amount of product generated from each of the two genes.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPharmaceuticals
Vol/bind15
Udgave nummer2
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 28 jan. 2022

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