Sikkerhed af magnetisk resonans-skanning hos patienter med pacemaker og implanterbar defibrillator

Kifah Hekmat Al-Sabagh*, Britta Ege Christensen, Anna Margrethe Thøgersen, Helen Høgh Petersen, Regitze Videbæk, Steen Pehrson, Xu Chen, Carsten Thomsen, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


    Introduction: The presence of a cardiac implantable device is considered an absolute contraindication to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety of performing magnetic resonance imaging in patients with cardiac pacemakers and ICDs that had a compelling clinical need for MRI examination. Material and methods: During a period of nine years we have included 65 patients with cardiac devices (60 pacemakers and five ICDs) who underwent a total of 73 MRI examinations at 1.5 T. All pacemakers were reprogrammed before MRI to asynchronous mode to avoid MRI-induced inhibition or to sense only mode to avoid MRI-induced competitive pacing and potential pro-arrhythmia. All devices were interrogated immediately before and after the MRI examination, which included measurement of sensitivity, pacing capture threshold (PCT) and lead impedance. Results: MRI examinations were completed safely in 63 patients. Inhibition of pacemaker output was observed in one patient and induction of ventricular fibrillation was observed in another with ICD. A significant increase in PCT was rare and only detected in 1% of all electrodes. Conclusion: MRI can be performed safely in patients with pacemakers with an acceptable risk-benefit ratio, while MRI of patients with ICDs must still be considered an experimental procedure.

    Bidragets oversatte titelSafety of magnetic resonance imaging in patients with cardiac implantable devices
    TidsskriftUgeskrift for laeger
    Udgave nummer23
    StatusUdgivet - 1 jun. 2010


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