Shared charts for prescription and administration: Increasing safety of drug treatment

Jill Bourke, Inger Bjeldbak-Olesen, Per Mikael Nielsen, Lars Kristian Munck

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    Abstrakt

    Introduction: Medication errors contribute up to 8% of all hospital admissions. Minimising the number of information transferrals and improving communication may increase the quality of drug treatment. Material and methods: The effect of introducing shared charts for prescription and administration on the quality of drug handling in a hospital was evaluated using chart review and observation of medicines administration. Results: Comparison of prescriptions in hospital records and nurse charts for medicines administration for 20 patients prior to introducing common charts revealed in no case consensus regarding all medications. One year after introducing the shared charts prescriptions of the regular and on demand medication were correct and signed for 88% and 48%, respectively, on a patient basis. Ninety-five percent of the regular administrations were correct and signed. Potential interactions were identified with 8% of the prescriptions. Discharge medication was stated in 65% of the discharge letters to the family doctors. Complete agreement on admission medication between the patient and family doctor was found in 39%. Conclusion: Shared charts for prescription and administration represent a significant step towards safe and rational medical treatment. However, it is more time consuming. The thorough analysis increased the attention on all aspects of medicine handling. It also provided a firm basis for the succeeding detailed specification of a complete integrated and electronic handling of all aspects of the medication process. Improvement of communication between all parties involved in treatment of the same patient represents an important potential for further improving quality and safety of drug treatment.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)183-191
    Antal sider9
    TidsskriftInternational Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine
    Vol/bind15
    Udgave nummer4/3
    StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2002

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