Severity of anaemia and association with all-cause mortality in patients with medically managed left-sided endocarditis

Mia Marie Pries-Heje*, Rasmus Bo Hasselbalch, Christoffer Wiingaard, Emil Loldrup Fosbøl, Andreas Birkedal Glenthøj, Nikolaj Ihlemann, Sabine Ute Alice Gill, Ulrik Christiansen, Hanne Elming, Niels Eske Bruun, Jonas Agerlund Povlsen, Jannik Helweg-Larsen, Martin Schultz, Lauge Østergaard, Kurt Fursted, Jens Jørgen Christensen, Flemming Rosenvinge, Lars Køber, Niels Tønder, Claus MoserKasper Iversen, Henning Bundgaard

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and severity of anaemia in patients with left-sided infective endocarditis (IE) and association with mortality.

METHODS: In the Partial Oral versus Intravenous Antibiotic Treatment of Endocarditis trial, 400 patients with IE were randomised to conventional or partial oral antibiotic treatment after stabilisation of infection, showing non-inferiority. Haemoglobin (Hgb) levels were measured at randomisation. Primary outcomes were all-cause mortality after 6 months and 3 years. Patients who underwent valve surgery were excluded due to competing reasons for anaemia.

RESULTS: Out of 400 patients with IE, 248 (mean age 70.6 years (SD 11.1), 62 women (25.0%)) were medically managed; 37 (14.9%) patients had no anaemia, 139 (56.1%) had mild anaemia (Hgb <8.1 mmol/L in men and Hgb <7.5 mmol/L in women and Hgb ≥6.2 mmol/L) and 72 (29.0%) had moderate to severe anaemia (Hgb <6.2 mmol/L). Mortality rates in patients with no anaemia, mild anaemia and moderate to severe anaemia were 2.7%, 3.6% and 15.3% at 6-month follow-up and 13.5%, 20.1% and 34.7% at 3-year follow-up, respectively. Moderate to severe anaemia was associated with higher mortality after 6 months (HR 4.81, 95% CI 1.78 to 13.0, p=0.002) and after 3 years (HR 2.14, 95% CI 1.27 to 3.60, p=0.004) and remained significant after multivariable adjustment.

CONCLUSION: Moderate to severe anaemia was present in 29% of patients with medically treated IE after stabilisation of infection and was independently associated with higher mortality within the following 3 years. Further investigations are warranted to determine whether intensified treatment of anaemia in patients with IE might improve outcome.

StatusUdgivet, E-publikation før trykning - 5 okt. 2021

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