Seizure onset detection based on one sEMG channel

Isa Conradsen, Sándor Beniczky, Karsten Hoppe, Peter Wolf, Thomas Sams, Helge B D Sorensen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

We present a new method to detect seizure onsets of tonic-clonic epileptic seizures based on surface electromyography (sEMG) data. The proposed method is generic and based on a single channel making it ideal for a small detection or monitoring device. The sEMG signal is high-pass filtered with a Butterworth filter with a cut-off frequency of 150 Hz. The number of zero-crossings with a hysteresis of ± 50 μV is the only feature extracted. The number of counts in a window of 1 second and the number of windows to make a detection is tested with a leave-one-out method. On 6 patients the method performs with a sensitivity of 100%, a median latency of 7.6 seconds and a median false detection rate of 0.04/h.

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