Microalbuminuria, defined as a urinary albumin excretion rate of 20-200 micrograms/min, predicts diabetic nephropathy and cardiovascular disease in diabetic patients. An increased urinary albumin excretion rate is probably also associated with cardiovascular disease in non-diabetic subjects. Thus, screening for microalbuminuria is of major importance. A semi-quantitative urinary dipstick method, Micral-Test, has been developed for this purpose. In a urine sample collected overnight from each of 1359 subjects the Micral-Test was evaluated with a quantitative ELISA-method as the standard. Sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic specificity in detecting microalbuminuria was 92, 58 and 12% respectively. The prevalence of microalbuminuria was 5.6%. In conclusion, the Micral-Test is highly sensitive in detecting microalbuminuria, but at the expense of a relatively high number of false positive tests.
|Bidragets oversatte titel||Screening of microalbuminuria with the Micral-Test. A semi-quantitative urinary dipstick|
|Tidsskrift||Ugeskrift for laeger|
|Status||Udgivet - 20 dec. 1993|