Rubidium-82 PET imaging is feasible in a rat myocardial infarction model

Adam Ali Ghotbi, Andreas Clemmensen, Kasper Kyhl, Bjarke Follin, Philip Hasbak, Thomas Engstrøm, Rasmus Sejersten Ripa, Andreas Kjaer

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Small-animal myocardial infarct models are frequently used in the assessment of new cardioprotective strategies. A validated quantification of perfusion using a non-cyclotron-dependent PET tracer would be of importance in monitoring response to therapy. We tested whether myocardial PET perfusion imaging is feasible with Rubidium-82 (82Rb) in a small-animal scanner using a rat myocardial infarct model.

    METHODS: 18 Sprague-Dawley rats underwent permanent coronary artery ligation (infarct group), and 11 rats underwent ischemia-reperfusion (reperfusion group) procedure. 82Rb-PET and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were conducted before and after the intervention. Perfusion was compared to both left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and infarct size assessed by MRI.

    RESULTS: Follow-up global 82Rb-uptake correlated significantly with infarct size (infarct group: r = -0.81, P < 0.001 and reperfusion group: r = -0.61, P = 0.04). Only 82Rb-uptake in the infarct group correlated with LVEF. At follow-up, a higher segmental 82Rb-uptake in the infarct group was associated with better wall motion (β = 0.034, CI [0.028;0.039], P < 0.001, R2 = 0.30), and inversely associated with scar transmurality (β = -2.4 [-2.6; -2.2], P < 0.001, R2 = 0.59). The associations were similar for the reperfusion group.

    CONCLUSION: 82Rb-PET is feasible in small animal scanners despite the long positron range and enables fast and time-efficient myocardial perfusion imaging in rat models.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)798-809
    Antal sider12
    TidsskriftJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
    Vol/bind26
    Udgave nummer3
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - jun. 2019

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