Role and Impact of Chronic Cough in Individuals with Asthma From the General Population

Yunus Çolak, Shoaib Afzal, Peter Lange, Lars C Laursen, Børge G Nordestgaard, Morten Dahl

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

BACKGROUND: Cough is a well-recognized symptom in asthma, but the role and impact of chronic cough in individuals with asthma has not been described in the general population.

OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that among individuals with asthma, those with chronic cough versus those without have a more severe disease phenotype.

METHODS: We identified individuals with asthma and chronic cough among 14,740 adults from the Copenhagen General Population Study, and investigated respiratory symptoms, health care utilizations, lung function, and biomarkers in blood.

RESULTS: A total of 855 (6%) individuals suffered from asthma, and 70 (8%) had chronic cough. Individuals with asthma and chronic cough had a Leicester Cough Questionnaire median total score of 16.8 (25th and 75th percentiles, 14.8-18.9), corresponding to 5.4 (4.6-6.0) for the physical domain, 5.7 (4.6-6.4) for the psychological domain, and 6.0 (5.3-6.8) for the social domain. Among individuals with asthma, those with chronic cough versus those without reported more often wheezing (70% vs 54%), dyspnea (74% vs 49%), night-time dyspnea (27% vs 11%), sputum production (59% vs 14%), chest pain/tightness (14% vs 4%), acute bronchitis/pneumonia episodes, and general practitioner visits. Furthermore, these individuals had more often FEV1 predicted value of less than 60% (14% vs 7%) and higher levels of neutrophils, leukocytes, and fibrinogen in blood, but there were no differences with regard to levels of high-sensitive C-reactive protein, eosinophils, and IgE in blood.

CONCLUSIONS: Chronic cough in individuals with asthma is associated with a more severe disease phenotype in terms of worse respiratory symptoms, greater health care utilizations, lower lung function, and higher levels of systemic inflammatory biomarkers in blood.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)1783-1792.e8
TidsskriftJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Vol/bind7
Udgave nummer6
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 6 mar. 2019

Bibliografisk note

Copyright � 2019 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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