BACKGROUND: Cough is a well-recognized symptom in asthma, but the role and impact of chronic cough in individuals with asthma has not been described in the general population.
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that among individuals with asthma, those with chronic cough versus those without have a more severe disease phenotype.
METHODS: We identified individuals with asthma and chronic cough among 14,740 adults from the Copenhagen General Population Study, and investigated respiratory symptoms, health care utilizations, lung function, and biomarkers in blood.
RESULTS: A total of 855 (6%) individuals suffered from asthma, and 70 (8%) had chronic cough. Individuals with asthma and chronic cough had a Leicester Cough Questionnaire median total score of 16.8 (25th and 75th percentiles, 14.8-18.9), corresponding to 5.4 (4.6-6.0) for the physical domain, 5.7 (4.6-6.4) for the psychological domain, and 6.0 (5.3-6.8) for the social domain. Among individuals with asthma, those with chronic cough versus those without reported more often wheezing (70% vs 54%), dyspnea (74% vs 49%), night-time dyspnea (27% vs 11%), sputum production (59% vs 14%), chest pain/tightness (14% vs 4%), acute bronchitis/pneumonia episodes, and general practitioner visits. Furthermore, these individuals had more often FEV1 predicted value of less than 60% (14% vs 7%) and higher levels of neutrophils, leukocytes, and fibrinogen in blood, but there were no differences with regard to levels of high-sensitive C-reactive protein, eosinophils, and IgE in blood.
CONCLUSIONS: Chronic cough in individuals with asthma is associated with a more severe disease phenotype in terms of worse respiratory symptoms, greater health care utilizations, lower lung function, and higher levels of systemic inflammatory biomarkers in blood.
|Tidsskrift||Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice|
|Status||Udgivet - 6 mar. 2019|