Risk stratification of women with false-positive test results in mammography screening based on mammographic morphology and density: A case control study

Rikke Rass Winkel*, My von Euler-Chelpin, Elsebeth Lynge, Pengfei Diao, Martin Lillholm, Michiel Kallenberg, Julie Lyng Forman, Michael Bachmann Nielsen, Wei Yao Uldall, Mads Nielsen, Ilse Vejborg

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

    Abstrakt

    Background The long-term risk of breast cancer is increased in women with false-positive (FP) mammography screening results. We investigated whether mammographic morphology and/or density can be used to stratify these women according to their risk of future breast cancer Methods We undertook a case-control study nested in the population-based screening programme in Copenhagen, Denmark. We included 288 cases and 288 controls based on a cohort of 4743 women with at least one FP-test result in 1991–2005 who were followed up until 17 April 2008. Film-based mammograms were assessed using the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) density classification, the Tabár classification, and two automated techniques quantifying percentage mammographic density (PMD) and mammographic texture (MTR), respectively. The association with breast cancer was estimated using binary logistic regression calculating Odds Ratios (ORs) and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves (AUCs) adjusted for birth year and age and invitation round at the FP-screen Results Significantly increased ORs were seen for BI-RADS D(density)2-D4 (OR 1.94; 1.30-2.91, 2.36; 1.51-3.70 and 4.01; 1.67-9.62, respectively), Tabár's P(pattern)IV (OR 1.83; 1.16-2.89), PMD Q(quartile)2-Q4 (OR 1.71; 1.02-2.88, 1.97; 1.16-3.35 and 2.43; 1.41-4.19, respectively) and MTR Q4 (1.97; 1.12-3.46) using the lowest/fattiest category as reference Conclusion All four methods, capturing either mammographic morphology or density, could segregate women with FP-screening results according to their risk of future breast cancer − using already available screening mammograms. Our findings need validation on digital mammograms, but may inform potential future risk stratification and tailored screening strategies

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)53-60
    Antal sider8
    TidsskriftCancer Epidemiology
    Vol/bind49
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - aug. 2017

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