Risk of cancer in patients with bile acid diarrhoea: a Danish nationwide matched cohort study

Nynne Nyboe Andersen*, Signe Wildt, Aske Thorn Iversen, Gry Poulsen, Tine Jess, Lars Kristian Munck, Christian Borup

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Bile acid diarrhoea is a common cause of chronic diarrhoea. Increased levels of potentially carcinogenic bile acids in faeces, theoretically, may increase the risk of colorectal cancer in particular, but the long-term disease course is unknown. We aimed to investigate the overall and site-specific cancer risk in bile acid diarrhoea.

DESIGN: Adult patients with bile acid diarrhoea were identified using nationwide Danish registries from 2003 to 2020 by a diagnostic gold-standard 75-selenium tauroselcholic acid procedure followed within 6 months by sequestrant prescription. The risk of overall and site-specific cancers in cases with bile acid diarrhoea was compared with sex, age and comorbidity-adjusted matched controls. A competing risk model estimated cumulative incidence functions and cause-specific HRs.

RESULTS: We identified 2260 patients with bile acid diarrhoea with a mean follow-up of 5.5 years (SD 4.2). The overall cancer risk was increased by an HR of 1.32 (95% CI 1.12 to 1.54). The risk of site-specific cancer was increased in 3 of 10 cancer groups: haematological, HR 2.41 (1.36 to 4.02); skin, HR 1.33 (1.01 to 1.71); and male genital cancers, HR 1.85 (1.11 to 2.92). No increased risk of colorectal cancer was detected in patients with bile acid diarrhoea, HR 0.73 (0.34 to 1.63).

CONCLUSIONS: Bile acid diarrhoea was associated with an increased overall risk of cancer, especially haematological cancers, but the risk of colorectal cancer was not increased. The lack of a diagnostic code for bile acid diarrhoea and potential residual confounding are limitations, and the findings should be replicated in other cohorts.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Antal sider8
TidsskriftBMJ Open Gastroenterology
Vol/bind11
Udgave nummer1
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 30 apr. 2024

Bibliografisk note

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2024. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

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