Risk Factors for Sleep Disturbances in Patients Scheduled for Radiotherapy of Head-and-Neck Cancer

Dirk Rades*, Svenja Kopelke, Tamer Soror, Tobias Bartscht, Soeren Tvilsted, Troels W Kjaer, Steven E Schild

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM: Many patients with head-and-neck cancer are scheduled for irradiation. This study was performed to determine the frequency of and risk factors for pre-radiotherapy sleep disturbances in these patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 103 patients with head-and-neck cancer scheduled for radiotherapy were included in this retrospective study. Eighteen characteristics were evaluated including timing of start of radiotherapy relative to COVID-19 pandemic; age; gender; Karnofsky performance score; Charlson comorbidity index; history of another malignancy; family history of malignancy; distress score; number of emotional, physical or practical problems; request for psychological support; tumor site and stage; upfront surgery; planned chemotherapy; and brachytherapy boost.

RESULTS: The frequency of pre-radiotherapy sleep disturbances was 42.7%. This was significantly associated with age ≤63 years (p=0.049), Karnofsky performance score ≤80 (p=0.002), Charlson comorbidity index ≥3 (p=0.005), history of another malignancy (p=0.012), emotional (p=0.001) or physical (p<0.001) problems, and request for psychological support (p=0.002).

CONCLUSION: Sleep disturbances were frequent in patients assigned to radiotherapy of head-and-neck cancer. Recognizing risk factors for sleep disturbance helps identify patients requiring psychological support.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)5065-5069
Antal sider5
TidsskriftAnticancer Research
Vol/bind41
Udgave nummer10
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2021 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.

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