AIMS:: The new European Society of Cardiology guideline for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction recommends that left and right bundle branch block should be considered equal for recommending urgent angiography in patients with suspected myocardial infarction. We aimed to evaluate this novel recommendation in two prospective studies of patients with suspected myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS:: We included 4067 patients presenting to the emergency department with suspected myocardial infarction. All patients had an ECG recorded immediately upon admission. Patients were classified as having right bundle branch block (RBBB), left bundle branch block (LBBB), bifascicular block (BFB) or no bundle branch block. All patients were followed for up to two years to assess mortality. In the overall population 125 (3.1%) patients had RBBB, 281 (6.9%) LBBB and 60 (1.5%) BFB. The final diagnosis of myocardial infarction was adjudicated in 20.8% (RBBB), 28.5% (LBBB), 23.3% (BFB) and 21.6% (no complete block) of patients. The mortality rate after one year was 10.7% (RBBB), 7% (LBBB), 17.5% (BFB) and 3.2% (no complete block). The adjusted hazard ratios were 1.29 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.71-2.34; P=0.40) for RBBB, 1.71 (95% CI 1.17-2.50; P=0.006) for LBBB and 2.27 (95% CI 1.28-4.05; P=0.005) for BFB. CONCLUSION:: Our results support the new European Society of Cardiology ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction guideline describing RBBB as a high risk for mortality in patients with suspected myocardial infarction. However, the data challenge the concept of RBBB as a trigger of acute angiography because the likelihood of myocardial infarction in a chest pain unit setting is equally frequent in patients without bundle branch block.