Quality of Life is Markedly Impaired by Rheumatological and Skin Manifestations in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes: A Questionnaire Survey

Kirsten Nørgaard, Urd Kielgast

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

INTRODUCTION: To estimate lifetime prevalence of diabetes-related upper limb and non-acquired skin manifestations in a representative type 1 diabetes (T1D) population and to identify associations between these conditions and quality of life.

METHODS: A questionnaire on these complications and measures of quality of life (World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index [WHO-5]), depression, and diabetes-specific burden (Problem Areas in Diabetes [PAID] scale) was sent to all T1D patients in a Danish clinic (N?=?583).

RESULTS: The response rate was 68.6%. Lifetime prevalence of any upper limb soft tissue lesion was 72%; prevalence of any skin lesion was 10.5%. Frozen shoulder and vitiligo were most common upper limb and skin manifestation, at a prevalence of 53 and 9.1%, respectively. Compared to patients with no skin lesion, those with at least one skin lesion had more depression (19 vs. 33%; P?<?0.01) and lower WHO-5 scores. Frozen shoulder was associated with lower WHO-5 scores (P?<?0.001), more depression (29 vs. 14%; P?<?0.001), and a higher PAID score (P?<?0.01). A diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome was associated with lower WHO-5 scores (P?<?0.001), a higher risk of depression (29 vs. 16%; P?<?0.01), and a higher PAID score (P?<?0.001).

CONCLUSION: Upper limb soft tissue lesions and diabetes-specific non-acquired skin lesions are very common in patients with T1D and strongly associated with impaired life quality and increased risk of depression.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)635-647
Antal sider13
TidsskriftDiabetes Therapy
Vol/bind10
Udgave nummer2
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2019

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