OBJECTIVE: The objective of this scoping review is to identify and map the psychometric properties of screening tools designed to identify oropharyngeal dysphagia in older people.
INTRODUCTION: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a geriatric syndrome associated with reduced quality of life, malnutrition, dehydration, medical administration problems, and poor health care outcomes. It requires a multidimensional approach to treatment. The syndrome is present in approximately 60% of institutionalized, frail older patients and in 47% of frail older patients who are hospitalized.
INCLUSION CRITERIA: This review will consider studies of screening tools for oropharyngeal dysphagia used in people older than 65 years who do not have stroke, Parkinson disease, sclerosis, or head and neck cancer. Patients who depend on respiratory support or feeding tubes will be excluded. All health care settings will be included.
METHODS: The JBI methodology for scoping reviews will be followed. The Cochrane Library, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Embase, and Epistemonikos will be searched for relevant studies. Sources of unpublished studies and gray literature, including Google Scholar, will be searched. Articles published in English, Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian will be included. Two independent reviewers will screen titles and abstracts against the inclusion criteria. The full text of included studies will be read and relevant citations included. Disagreements between the reviewers will be resolved through discussion or with a third reviewer. The proposed data extraction form will be modified as necessary during the process. Data will be presented in diagrammatic form, and a narrative summary that aligns with the objective will be included.