Prevalence, frequency, adverse events, and reasons for analgesic use in youth athletes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 44,381 athletes

Julie Rønne Pedersen*, Alessandro Andreucci, Jonas Bloch Thorlund, Bart Koes, Merete Møller, Louise Kamuk Storm, Alessio Bricca

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence, frequency, adverse effects, and reasons for analgesic use in youth athletes.

DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

METHODS: Systematic searches in Embase, Medline, and SPORT-Discus from inception to September 2021, screening of reference lists, and citation tracking were performed to identify observational studies including athletes aged 15-24 years and reporting data on prevalence and/or frequency of analgesic use. Study quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Random-effect proportion meta-analyses, stratified by type of analgesic medication and prevalence measure, estimated the prevalence of analgesic use. Data on usage frequency, adverse events, and reasons for analgesic use was synthesized narratively.

RESULTS: Forty-nine studies were included (44,381 athletes), of which 19 were good/high quality. Seven categories of analgesics were identified across 10 prevalence time-points. Meta-analyses suggested common use of NSAIDs (point prevalence 48 % [95 % CI 23 % to 73 %], in-season prevalence 92 % [95 % CI 88 % to 95 %]). The lowest prevalence was found for use of local anesthetic injections within the previous 12 months (2 % [95 % CI 1 % to 3 %]). Seven to 50 % of athletes reported weekly analgesics use. The proportion of adverse events ranged from 3.3 % to 19.2 %. Reasons for using analgesics included treatment of sports-related pain or injury, to treat illness, and to enhance performance.

CONCLUSIONS: Analgesics are commonly used in youth athletes, but estimates vary depending on type of analgesic and prevalence measure. As the majority of studies were of poor methodological quality, future high-quality research should include prospective data collection of analgesic use to understand consumption trajectories.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)810-819
Antal sider10
TidsskriftJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Vol/bind25
Udgave nummer10
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2022

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Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

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