OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine predictors for all-cause mortality in a long-term follow-up study of adult patients with infectious diseases of suspected bacterial origin.
METHODS: A prospective observational study of patients admitted to the emergency department during 1.10.2017-31.03.2018. We used Cox regression to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) with 95% confidence intervals for mortality.
RESULTS: A total of 2110 patients were included (median age 73 years). After a median follow-up of 2.1 years 758 (35.9%, 95% CI 33.9-38.0%) patients had died. Age (aHR1.05; 1.04-1.05), male gender (aHR 1.21; 1.17-1.25), cancer (aHR 1.80; 1.73-1.87), misuse of alcohol (aHR 1.30; 1.22-1.38), if admitted with sepsis within the last year before index admission (aHR 1.56;1.50-1.61), a Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score ≥2 (aHR 1.90; 1.83-1.98), SIRS criteria ≥2 (aHR 1.23;1.18-1.28) at admission to the ED, length of stay (aHR 1.05; 1.04-1.05) and devices and implants as sources of infection (aHR 7.0; 5.61-8.73) were independently associated with mortality. Skin infections and increasing haemoblobin values reduced the risk of death.
CONCLUSIONS: More than one-third of a population of patients admitted to the emergency department with infectious diseases of suspected bacterial origin had died during a median follow up of 2.1 years. The study identified several independent predictors for mortality.