Prediction of disease recurrence or residual disease after primary endoscopic resection of pT1 colorectal cancer-results from a large nationwide Danish study

Ilze Ose*, Katarina Levic, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Orhan Bulut, Thue Bisgaard, Ismail Gögenur, Tine Plato Kuhlmann

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


Purpose: Risk assessment of disease recurrence in pT1 colorectal cancer is crucial in order to select the appropriate treatment strategy. The study aimed to develop a prediction model, based on histopathological data, for the probability of disease recurrence and residual disease in patients with pT1 colorectal cancer.

Methods: The model dataset consisted of 558 patients with pT1 CRC who had undergone endoscopic resection only (n = 339) or endoscopic resection followed by subsequent bowel resection (n = 219). Tissue blocks and slides were retrieved from Pathology Departments from all regions in Denmark. All original slides were evaluated by one experienced gastrointestinal pathologist (TPK). New sections were cut and stained for haematoxylin and eosin (HE) and immunohistochemical markers. Missing values were multiple imputed. A logistic regression model with backward elimination was used to construct the prediction model.

Results: The final prediction model for disease recurrence demonstrated good performance with AUC of 0.75 [95% CI 0.72-0.78], HL chi-squared test of 0.59 and scaled Brier score of 10%. The final prediction model for residual disease demonstrated medium performance with an AUC of 0.68 [0.63-0.72].

Conclusion: We developed a prediction model for the probability of disease recurrence in pT1 CRC with good performance and calibration based on histopathological data. Together with lymphatic and venous invasion, an involved resection margin (0 mm) as opposed to a margin of ≤ 1 mm was an independent risk factor for both disease recurrence and residual disease.
Sider (fra-til)274
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Colorectal Disease
Udgave nummer1
StatusUdgivet - 30 nov. 2023

Bibliografisk note

© 2023. The Author(s).