Xia-Gibbs syndrome (XGS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability, developmental delay, seizures, hypotonia, obstructive sleep apnoea and mild facial dysmorphism. Heterozygosity for loss-of-function variants in AHDC1, encoding the AT-hook DNA binding motif containing protein 1, were discovered in 2014 as the likely genetic cause of Xia-Gibbs syndrome. We present five patients with Xia-Gibbs syndrome caused by previously unreported variants in AHDC1. Two of the patients share a frameshift variant: c.2849del (p.(Pro950Argfs*192)) in AHDC1. Despite sharing this variant, the two patients show remarkable phenotypic differences underscoring the clinical heterogeneity of Xia-Gibbs syndrome. In addition, we present a case of Xia-Gibbs syndrome caused by mosaicism for an AHDC1 variant.