Paracetamol use and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer: A nationwide nested case-control study

Guoqiao Zheng*, Mette Tuxen Faber, Louise Baandrup, Susanne K Kjaer

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether paracetamol use is associated with a reduced risk of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC).

DESIGN: A nationwide nested case-control study.

SETTING: Danish female population.

POPULATION: A total of 9589 EOC cases diagnosed from 2000 to 2019 were age-matched with 383 549 randomly selected female controls using risk set sampling.

METHODS: Paracetamol use, reproductive history, history of medication and history of surgery were retrieved from Danish national registers. Paracetamol use was defined as at least two prescriptions for up to 1 year before the index date, and was further classified according to recency, duration, cumulative dose and intensity of dose.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the association between paracetamol and EOC risk, overall and by histological subtypes.

RESULTS: 'Ever' use of paracetamol was associated with a reduced EOC risk after adjusting for potential confounding factors (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.87-0.97). The association was only significant among recent users (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.84-0.95). The risk declined further with the increasing level of cumulative dose and intensity; women from the group with a high cumulative dose and a high intensity had a 13% (OR 0.87, 95% CI 0.80-0.94) and 14% (OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.79-0.93) reduced risk, respectively. In the histological subtype analysis, reduced risk with 'ever' use was most pronounced for serous and clear cell tumours.

CONCLUSIONS: Paracetamol use was associated with a decreased risk of EOC in a dose-response manner. Future studies are needed to validate the findings and investigate the mechanisms behind the association.

Sider (fra-til)290-299
Antal sider10
TidsskriftBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Udgave nummer3
Tidlig onlinedato7 aug. 2023
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2024
Udgivet eksterntJa

Bibliografisk note

© 2023 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


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