This study aimed to investigate incidence and predictors of wound healing, relapse, major amputation, and/or death among patients with chronic leg wounds who were referred to specialist treatment at hospital for their condition. A nationwide register-based cohort study design was applied with 5 years of follow-up. All patients with diagnoses of chronic leg wounds in Denmark between 2007 and 2012 were included (n = 8394). Clinical, social, and demographic individual-level linked data from several Danish national registries were retrieved. Incidence rate per 1000 person-years (PY) was calculated. Predictors were investigated using Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. Incidence rates of having a healed wound was 236 per 1000 PY. For relapse, the incidence rate was 75 per 1000 PY, for amputation 16 per 1000 PY, and for death 100 per 1000 PY. Diabetes, peripheral arteria disease, or other comorbidities were associated with decreased chance of wound healing and increased risk of relapse, major amputation, and death. Regional differences in all four outcomes were detected. Basic or vocational education independently predicted risk of amputation and death. This study provides epidemiological data that may help identify patients at particular risk of poor outcomes. It also elucidates social inequality in outcomes.