Osteoprotegerin and mortality in type 2 diabetic patients

Henrik Reinhard*, Maria Lajer, Mari Anne Gall, Lise Tarnow, Hans Henrik Parving, Lars M. Rasmussen, Peter Rossing

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


    OBJECTIVE - Plasma osteoprotegerin (OPG) is an emerging strong and independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in high-risk populations. OPG is a bone-related glycopeptide produced by vascular smooth muscle cells, and increased plasma OPG levels may reflect arterial vascular damage. We aimed to investigate the prognostic value of OPG in relation to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in a cohort of type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - In a prospective observational follow-up study, 283 type 2 diabetic patients (172 men; aged 53.9 ± 8.8 years) were followed for a median of 16.8 years (range 0.2-23.0). Baseline plasma OPG concentrations were determined by immunoassay. RESULTS - During follow-up, 193 (68%) patients died. High versus low levels of OPG predicted all-cause mortality (covariate-adjusted for urinary albumin excretion rate [UAER], estimated glomerular filtration rate, and conventional risk factors); hazard ratio (HR) 1.81 [95% CI 1.21-2.69]. The all-cause predictive effect of OPG was independent of NH2-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and was also useful within groups divided according to level of UAER. In total, 103 (73%) patients died because of CVD. High and medium versus low levels of OPG predicted cardiovascular mortality (unadjusted HR 1.86 [95% CI 1.07-3.23] and 3.51 [2.10 -5.85], respectively). However, after adjustment for the covariates, HRs were no longer significant. CONCLUSIONS - Elevated plasma OPG is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality in type 2 diabetic patients. The effect of OPG on all-cause mortality was independent of conventional cardiovascular risk factors, UAER, and NT-proBNP levels.

    Sider (fra-til)2561-2566
    Antal sider6
    TidsskriftDiabetes Care
    Udgave nummer12
    StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2010


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