On the clinical utility of on-scalp MEG: A modeling study of epileptic activity source estimation

Karin Westin*, Sándor Beniczky, Christoph Pfeiffer, Matti Hämäläinen, Daniel Lundqvist

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy surgery requires localization of the seizure onset zone (SOZ). Today this can only be achieved by intracranial electroencephalography (iEEG). The iEEG electrode placement is guided by findings from non-invasive modalities that cannot themselves detect SOZ-generated initial seizure activity. On scalp magnetoencephalography (osMEG), with sensors placed on the scalp, demonstrates higher sensitivity than conventional MEG (convMEG) and could potentially detect early seizure activity. Here, we modeled EEG, convMEG and osMEG to compare the modalities' ability to localize SOZ activity and to detect epileptic spikes.

METHODS: We modeled seizure propagation within ten epileptic networks located in the mesial and lateral temporal lobe; basal, dorsal, central and frontopolar frontal lobe; parietal and occipital lobe as well as insula and cingulum. The networks included brain regions often involved in focal epilepsy. 128-channel osMEG, convMEG, EEG and combined osMEG + EEG and convMEG + EEG were modeled, and the SOZ source estimation accuracy was quantified and compared using Student's t-test.

RESULTS: OsMEG was significantly (p-value <0.01) better than both convMEG and EEG at detecting the earliest SOZ-generated seizure activity and epileptic spikes, and better at localizing seizure activity from all epileptic networks (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Our modeling results clearly show that osMEG has an unsurpassed potential to detect both epileptic spikes and seizure activity from all simulated anatomical sites.

SIGNIFICANCE: No clinically available non-invasive technique can detect SOZ activity from all brain regions. Our study indicates that osMEG has the potential to become an important clinical tool, improving both non-invasive SOZ localization and iEEG electrode placement accuracy.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)143-155
Antal sider13
TidsskriftClinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Vol/bind156
Tidlig onlinedato31 okt. 2023
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2023

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2023 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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