Normal responses of atrial natriuretic factor and renal tubular function to sodium loading in hypertension-prone humans

N. E. Bruun*, H. Dige-Pedersen, P. Skott

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review


    Background: In order to explore the hypothesis of an atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) deficiency in prehypertension, we compared the response to sodium loading on ANF and renal function in subjects with positive and negative histories of hypertension. Methods: Twenty-two offspring of hypertensive parents (OH) and 20 offspring of normotensive parents (ON) were studied after 4 days of low (50 mmol/day) or high (300 mmol/day) dietary sodium intake. The diets were allocated randomly. Blood pressure (BP), renal function, plasma concentration of ANF, cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), renin, angiotensin I and II, aldosterone, endothelin and catecholamines were determined during a clearance period of 90 min on both diets. Neurohormones were measured by radioimmunoassays. Renal function was determined by simultaneous measurements of 51Cr-ethylenediaminetetraacetate (a marker of glomerular filtration rate), lithium and sodium clearances. Results: Supine systolic and diastolic BPs were significantly elevated in OH, with both low and high dietary sodium intake. There was no difference in ANF and cGMP concentrations on the low sodium diet. Increasing sodium intake caused a similar increase in ANF in OH and ON but cGMP did not change significantly. As expected the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system was decreased by enhancing sodium intake but with both low and high sodium intake plasma renin concentration was significantly higher in OH than in ON. Activation of the sympathetic nervous system with low sodium intake was indicated by a moderate increase in plasma concentrations of epinephrine and norepinephrine in both groups. The renal effects were characterized by significant increases in GFR, lithium and sodium clearances with increasing sodium intake. There were no differences between OH and ON. Estimated values of fractional proximal and distal tubular sodium reabsorption decreased significantly and in a similar way in both OH and ON. Conclusion: These results indicate that the renal and neuroendocrine responses to dietary sodium loading are similar in both OH and ON. The only difference was a higher BP and an elevated plasma renin concentration on both dietary regimens in OH compared with ON. In particular, in OH and ON an identical increase in plasma ANF concentration in response to sodium loading was found. Thus, this study cannot support the hypothesis of a dysregulation of ANF in hypertension-prone humans.

    Sider (fra-til)206-213
    Antal sider8
    TidsskriftBlood Pressure
    Udgave nummer4
    StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2000


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