Noninvasive diagnosis of uremic osteodystrophy: uses and limitations.

J. G. Heaf*, P. Joffe, J. Pødenphant, J. R. Andersen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

    Abstract

    45 bone biopsies from patients with chronic uremia were reviewed to define which noninvasive investigations were of value in predicting the histological diagnosis and to quantify the spectrum of uremic bone disease at a center that has consistently used an aluminum-free dialysis bath. 17 biopsies were taken postmortem. 15 patients received conservative treatment, the rest were on maintenance dialysis. 13 patients had symptomatic bone disease. Virtually all patients with a uremia duration greater than 3 years had uremic osteodystrophy. All patients with clinical bone disease, hypercalcemia or raised alkaline phosphatase activity had osteodystrophy, but the specific histology was not indicated. Greatly raised parathyroid levels suggested secondary hyperparathyroidism, but the test was only 100% specific when 20 times normal. Total aluminum consumption was highly indicative of bone aluminum concentration (p less than 0.0001) and aluminum-related osteomalacia (5 cases), suggesting that a considerable proportion of uremic bone disease is iatrogenic. Serum aluminum was of some use in the diagnosis of aluminum-related osteomalacia, but was not wholly reliable. Bone mineral content (BMC) using both forearm measurements and total body bone mineral levels (TBBM) were assessed in 32 patients and were found to be reduced in 12, with a preponderance of secondary hyperparathyroidism. BMC and TBBM were negatively correlated to resorbing surfaces and bone formation rate, suggesting that secondary hyperparathyroidism is the uremic bone disease that represents the greatest threat to bone mass. It is concluded that while noninvasive investigations give considerable information, reliable diagnosis requires the use of histological methods.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)203-211
    Antal sider9
    TidsskriftAmerican journal of nephrology
    Vol/bind7
    Udgave nummer3
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1987

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