Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis: Clinical Picture and Treatment

Peter Marckmann*, Lone Skov

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

    Abstrakt

    The classic hallmark symptoms of advanced nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) (skin thickening, hardening and hyperpigmentation, and disabling contractures in renal failure patients) in temporal association with Gd-based contrast agent (GBCA) exposure are almost pathognomonic of NSF. Less obvious cases may be diagnosed on the basis of history of early GBCA-related NSF symptoms (warm swellings, pain, discoloration, itching of lower legs), signs of multiorgan involvement (lungs, nervous system), the exclusion of differential diagnoses, including scleromyxedema and systemic sclerosis, and the histology of deep skin biopsies. Symptomatic treatment with intensive physiotherapy and painkillers is important, but there is no known curative medical treatment. Spontaneous remission of NSF symptoms may occur with recovery of renal function after an episode of acute renal failure, or with kidney transplantation of chronic renal failure patients.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)833-840
    Antal sider8
    TidsskriftRadiologic Clinics of North America
    Vol/bind47
    Udgave nummer5
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 sep. 2009

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