Muscular myostatin gene expression and plasma concentrations are decreased in critically ill patients.

JJ Grunow, K Reiher, NM Carbon, LJ Engelhardt, K Mai, S Koch, JC Schefold, W Z'Graggen, SJ Schaller, J Fielitz, J Spranger, Steffen Weber-Carstens, T Wollersheim

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate the role of gene expression and plasma levels of the muscular protein myostatin in intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW). This was performed to evaluate a potential clinical and/or pathophysiological rationale of therapeutic myostatin inhibition.

    METHODS: A retrospective analysis from pooled data of two prospective studies to assess the dynamics of myostatin plasma concentrations (day 4, 8 and 14) and myostatin gene (MSTN) expression levels in skeletal muscle (day 15) was performed. Associations of myostatin to clinical and electrophysiological outcomes, muscular metabolism and muscular atrophy pathways were investigated.

    RESULTS: MSTN gene expression (median [IQR] fold change: 1.00 [0.68-1.54] vs. 0.26 [0.11-0.80]; p = 0.004) and myostatin plasma concentrations were significantly reduced in all critically ill patients when compared to healthy controls. In critically ill patients, myostatin plasma concentrations increased over time (median [IQR] fold change: day 4: 0.13 [0.08/0.21] vs. day 8: 0.23 [0.10/0.43] vs. day 14: 0.40 [0.26/0.61]; p < 0.001). Patients with ICUAW versus without ICUAW showed significantly lower MSTN gene expression levels (median [IQR] fold change: 0.17 [0.10/0.33] and 0.51 [0.20/0.86]; p = 0.047). Myostatin levels were directly correlated with muscle strength (correlation coefficient 0.339; p = 0.020) and insulin sensitivity index (correlation coefficient 0.357; p = 0.015). No association was observed between myostatin plasma concentrations as well as MSTN expression levels and levels of mobilization, electrophysiological variables, or markers of atrophy pathways.

    CONCLUSION: Muscular gene expression and systemic protein levels of myostatin are downregulated during critical illness. The previously proposed therapeutic inhibition of myostatin does therefore not seem to have a pathophysiological rationale to improve muscle quality in critically ill patients.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN77569430 -13th of February 2008 and ISRCTN19392591 17th of February 2011.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Artikelnummer237
    Sider (fra-til)237
    TidsskriftCritical Care
    Vol/bind26
    Udgave nummer1
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 3 aug. 2022

    Bibliografisk note

    © 2022. The Author(s).

    Fingeraftryk

    Udforsk hvilke forskningsemner 'Muscular myostatin gene expression and plasma concentrations are decreased in critically ill patients.' indeholder.

    Citationsformater