The purpose of this study was to report on the morphological findings in placentae from abortions, stillbirths and perinatal deaths, and to assess the value of the results of the placental examinations. The material included 341 placentae and their matched autopsies. Fifty placentae came from abortions induced for medical reasons, 194 from spontaneous abortions, 84 from stillbirths, and 13 from livebirths. Histological slides from all placentae were reviewed and the placental diagnoses were related to the autopsy diagnoses. Frequently observed placental lesions were inflammation of the membranes and/or umbilical cord, placental edema, vascular lesions, single umbilical artery, and degenerative lesions. The placental examination in pregnancies terminating with fetal or perinatal death was of value in half the cases. Some placental lesions provide us with clues when assessing the cause of fetal death, but such lesions are rare. Two important groups of lesions, acute inflammation of the membranes and/or umbilical cord and lesions consistent with uteroplacental vascular insufficiency, seen mainly as infarction and decidual arteriopathy, were observed. Gross examination is informative, though microscopic examination is often necessary.
|Status||Udgivet - 22 apr. 1999|