Molecular studies of BKCa channels in intracranial arteries: presence and localization

Helle Wulf, Anders Hay-Schmidt, Asser Nyander Poulsen, Dan Arne Klaerke, Jes Olesen, Inger Jansen-Olesen

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    Abstrakt

    Large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (BK(ca)) are crucial for the regulation of cerebral vascular basal tone and might be involved in cerebral vasodilation relevant to migraine and stroke. We studied the differential gene expression of mRNA transcript levels and protein expression of the BK(Ca) channel in rat basilar, middle cerebral, and middle meningeal arteries by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), quantitative real-time PCR, and Western blotting. Distribution patterns were investigated using in situ hybridization and immunofluorescence studies. RT-PCR and quantitative real-time PCR detected the expression of the BK(Ca) channel mRNA transcript in rat basilar, middle cerebral, and middle meningeal arteries, with the transcript being expressed more abundantly in rat basilar arteries than in middle cerebral and middle meningeal arteries. Western blotting detected the BK(Ca) channel protein in rat basilar and middle cerebral arteries. In situ hybridization and immunofluorescence studies confirmed that the BK(Ca) channel mRNA and protein expression was localized to smooth muscle cells in all three intracranial arteries. The data thus suggest the presence and localization of both mRNA and protein expression of the BK(Ca) channel in the smooth muscle cell layer in rat basilar, middle cerebral, and middle meningeal arteries.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)359-69
    Antal sider11
    TidsskriftCell and Tissue Research
    Vol/bind334
    Udgave nummer3
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - dec. 2008

    Fingeraftryk Udforsk hvilke forskningsemner 'Molecular studies of BKCa channels in intracranial arteries: presence and localization' indeholder.

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