Molecular screening for Candida orthopsilosis and Candida metapsilosis among Danish Candida parapsilosis group blood culture isolates: Proposal of a new RFLP profile for differentiation

Hossein Mirhendi, Brita Bruun, Henrik Carl Schønheyder, Jens Jørgen Christensen, Kurt Fuursted, Bente Gahrn-Hansen, Helle Krogh Johansen, Lene Nielsen, Jenny Dahl Knudsen, Maiken Cavling Arendrup

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Candida orthopsilosis and Candida metapsilosis are recently described species phenotypically indistinguishable from Candida parapsilosis. We evaluated phenotyping and molecular methods for the detection of these species among 79 unique blood culture isolates of the C. parapsilosis group obtained during the years 2004-2008. The isolates were screened by PCR amplification of the secondary alcohol dehydrogenase-encoding gene (SADH) followed by digestion with the restriction enzyme BanI, using C. parapsilosis ATCC 22019, C. orthopsilosis ATCC 96139 and C. metapsilosis ATCC 96144 as controls. Isolates with RFLP patterns distinct from C. parapsilosis were characterized by sequence analysis of the ITS1-ITS2, 26S rRNA (D1/D2) and SADH regions. Restriction patterns for the 3 species with each of 610 restriction enzymes were predicted in silico using 12 available sequences. By PCR-RFLP of the SADH gene alone, four isolates (5.1 %) had a pattern identical to the C. orthopsilosis reference strain. Sequence analysis of SADH and ITS (internal transcribed spacer) regions identified two of these isolates as C. metapsilosis. These results were confirmed by creating a phylogenetic tree based on concatenated sequences of SADH, ITS and 26S rRNA gene sequence regions. Optimal differentiation between C. parapsilosis, C. metapsilosis and C. orthopsilosis was predicted using digestion with NlaIII, producing discriminatory band sizes of: 131 and 505 bp; 74, 288 and 348 bp; and 131, 217 and 288 bp, respectively. This was confirmed using the reference strains and 79 clinical isolates. In conclusion, reliable discrimination was obtained by PCR-RFLP profile analysis of the SADH gene after digestion with NlaIII but not with BanI. C. metapsilosis and C. orthopsilosis are involved in a small but significant number of invasive infections in Denmark.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)414-420
Antal sider7
TidsskriftJournal of Medical Microbiology
Vol/bind59
Udgave nummer4
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 apr. 2010
Udgivet eksterntJa

Fingeraftryk Udforsk hvilke forskningsemner 'Molecular screening for Candida orthopsilosis and Candida metapsilosis among Danish Candida parapsilosis group blood culture isolates: Proposal of a new RFLP profile for differentiation' indeholder.

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