Mind and cancer: Does psychosocial intervention improve survival and psychological well-being?

L. Ross*, E. H. Boesen, S. O. Dalton, C. Johansen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

    Abstrakt

    The aim of this review was to evaluate the scientific evidence for an effect of psychosocial intervention on survival from cancer and well-being and in particular on anxiety and depression. A literature search yielded 43 randomised studies of psychosocial intervention. Four of the eight studies in which survival was assessed showed a significant effect, and the effect on anxiety and depression was also inconsistent, indicating three possible explanations: (i) only some of the intervention strategies affect prognosis and/or well-being and in only certain patient groups; (ii) the effect was weak, so that inconsistent results were found in the generally small study populations; or (iii) the effect was diluted by the inclusion of unselected patient groups rather than being restricted to patients in need of psychosocial support. Thus, large-scale studies with sound methods are needed in which eligible patients are screened for distress. Meanwhile, the question of whether psychosocial intervention among cancer patients has a beneficial effect remains unresolved.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Sider (fra-til)1447-1457
    Antal sider11
    TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Cancer
    Vol/bind38
    Udgave nummer11
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2002

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