The acute tumor-lysis syndrome is a potentially fatal complication which characteristically arises during initial chemotherapy of malignant hematological diseases with large tumor burdens. The syndrome is characterized by hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, hyperuricemia and often acute renal failure. Prior to chemotherapy the patient should be treated for 12-24 hour with intensified diuresis to ensure optimal renal function. The treatment of the fully developed syndrome is hemodialysis. Three cases of TLS which developed during initial chemotherapy of patients with acute lymnphoblastic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma are presented.
|Bidragets oversatte titel||Metabolic disorders in the treatment of malignant hematologic diseases--the acute tumor lysis syndrome|
|Tidsskrift||Ugeskrift for laeger|
|Status||Udgivet - 14 okt. 1991|