Aims Pre-implant assessment of longitudinal mechanical dyssynchrony using cross-correlation analysis (XCA) was tested for association with long-term survival and compared with other tissue Doppler imaging (TDI)-derived indices.Methods and resultsIn 131 patients referred for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) from two international centres, mechanical dyssynchrony was assessed from TDI velocity curves using time-to-peak opposing wall delay (OWD) ≥80 ms, Yu index ≥32 ms, and the maximal activation delay (AD-max) >35 ms. AD-max was calculated by XCA of the TDI-derived myocardial acceleration curves. Outcome was a composite of all-cause mortality, cardiac transplantation, or implantation of a ventricular assist device (left ventricular assist device) and modelled using the Cox proportional hazards regression. Follow-up was truncated at 1460 days. Dyssynchrony by AD-max was independently associated with improved survival when adjusted for QRS > 150 ms and aetiology [hazard ratio (HR) 0.35 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.16-0.77], P = 0.01]. Maximal activation delay performed significantly better than Yu index, OWD, and the presence of left bundle branch block (P < 0.05, all, for difference between parameters). In subgroup analysis, patients without dyssynchrony and QRS between 120 and 150 ms showed a particularly poor survival [HR 4.3 (95% CI 1.46-12.59), P < 0.01, compared with the group with dyssynchrony and QRS between 120 and 150 ms]. Conclusion Mechanical dyssynchrony assessed by AD-max was associated with long-term survival after CRT and was significantly better associated compared with other TDI-derived indices. Patients without dyssynchrony and QRS between 120 and 150 ms had a particularly poor prognosis. These results indicate a valuable role for XCA in selection of CRT candidates.