Lower Quadriceps Rate of Force Development Is Associated With Worsening Physical Function in Adults With or at Risk for Knee Osteoarthritis: 36-Month Follow-Up Data From the Osteoarthritis Initiative

Bo Hu, Søren Thorgaard Skou, Barton L. Wise, Glenn N. Williams, Michael C. Nevitt, Neil A. Segal*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association between quadriceps rate of force development (RFD) and decline in self-reported physical function and objective measures of physical performance. Design: Longitudinal cohort study. Setting: Community-based sample from 4 urban areas. Participants: Osteoarthritis Initiative participants with or at risk for knee osteoarthritis, who had no history of knee/hip replacement, knee injury, or rheumatoid arthritis (N=2630). Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Quadriceps RFD (N/s) was measured during isometric strength testing. Worsening physical function was defined as the minimal clinically important difference for worsening self-reported Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) physical function subscale score, 20-m walk time, and repeated chair stand time over 36 months. Results: Compared with the slowest tertile of RFD, the fastest tertile had a lower risk for worsening of WOMAC physical function subscale score at 36-month follow-up, with an odds ratio (OR) of.68 (95% confidence interval [CI],.51–.92) after adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, depression, history of chronic diseases, and knee pain. In women, in comparison with the slowest tertile of RFD, the fastest tertile had a lower risk for worsening of WOMAC physical function subscale score at 36-month follow-up, with an adjusted OR of.57 (95% CI,.38–.86). This decreased risk did not reach statistical significance in men (OR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.52–1.27). No statistically significant associations were detected between baseline RFD and walk or chair stand times. Conclusions: Our results indicate that higher RFD is associated with decreased risk for worsening self-reported physical function but not with decreased risk for worsening of physical performance.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)1352-1359
Antal sider8
TidsskriftArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Vol/bind99
Udgave nummer7
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2018

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